“In participatory situations, game structure replaces aesthetics. Instead of events being worked out beforehand, there is a “game plan,” a set of objectives, moves, and rules that are generally known or explained. The game plan is flexible, adapting to changing situations. . . [In 1969,] I formulated three rules of participation:
- The audience is in a living space and a living situation. Things may happen to and with them as well as ‘in front’ of them.
- When a performer invites participation, he must be prepared to accept and deal with the spectator’s reactions.
- Participation should not be gratuitous.”